Clash of the crayfish: Why the Americans are winning


Clash of the crayfish: Why the Americans are winning

Tags: crayfish, signal, native, clawed, species, american, because, parasites, parasite, biodiversity

ScienceDaily (Mar. 15, 2012) — Aggressive American signal crayfish are threatening Yorkshire's native white-clawed crayfish populations because they have better resistance to parasites and are less fussy about what they eat.

The native crayfish suffers from two parasites; plague, which is carried by the American invader, as well as porcelain disease which makes the native crayfish sluggish and suppresses their appetite before eventually killing them a few years later.

Yorkshire is one of the last strongholds of the white-clawed crayfish, which is being driven out of Britain's waterways by its hardier American cousin, introduced to Britain in the 1970s for fish farming. The advance of the signal crayfish over its native rival has implications for the biodiversity of Britain's rivers as the diversity of prey is reduced and the invaders' appetite for fish eggs causes a decline in the fish population.

Although the white-clawed crayfish is listed as an endangered species in Britain, the reasons for its decline and the American species' success have not been well understood. Now, researchers from the University of Leeds' Faculty of Biological Sciences have been trying to work out why the signal crayfish has been gaining the upper hand, and how this information might be used in conservation projects.

Their study, published in the online journal PLoS One, compares how quickly the two different species deal with food. The American signal crayfish ate up to 83 per cent more food per day than did their native cousins. The research also showed that white-clawed crayfish are much more choosy about what they eat, preferring particular types of prey, while the signals eat equal amounts of all prey. The white-clawed crayfish are also affected by a common parasite, porcelain disease, which affects their ability to catch prey, leading affected crayfish to eat 30% less. The American signal crayfish, on the other hand, seem unaffected by the parasite.

Dr Alison Dunn, of the Faculty of Biological Sciences, at the University of Leeds, who led the study, explains: "The signals eat much more compared with the native crayfish. But the situation is exacerbated by a parasite which essentially changes the native's behaviour -- the white-clawed crayfish can't eat or handle as much food as the signal, because the parasite weakens its muscles."

"The huge appetites of the signal crayfish can have a massive effect on the whole ecosystem," adds Dr Dunn. "In particular it affects biodiversity because there is a reduction in the numbers of prey. In some Yorkshire rivers, for example, the fish population has declined because signal crayfish are eating large numbers of fish eggs."

Dr Dunn believes studying the effects of parasites on host species can offer vital clues about species conservation.

"Parasites are a fascinating and vital part of any ecosystem and you have to consider their effects when looking at biological invasions," she says. "We hope our findings will help us make predictions about how this invader might spread and help with management strategies."

Humans too can play a part in protecting the white-clawed crayfish by understanding how invading species spread. The signal crayfish is able to move overland of its own accord, but may also be inadvertently moved around in, for example, damp fishing gear.

"We need to be much more careful about how we move animals and plants around from habitat to habitat, and raise public awareness about these issues," says Dr Dunn.

The research was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, in partnership with the Environment Agency.

Share this story on Facebook, Twitter, and Google:

Other social bookmarking and sharing tools:


Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Leeds.

Note: Materials may be edited for content and length. For further information, please contact the source cited above.


Journal References:

  1. Neal R. Haddaway, Ruth H. Wilcox, Rachael E. A. Heptonstall, Hannah M. Griffiths, Robert J. G. Mortimer, Martin Christmas, Alison M. Dunn. Predatory Functional Response and Prey Choice Identify Predation Differences between Native/Invasive and Parasitised/Unparasitised Crayfish. PLoS ONE, 2012; 7 (2): e32229 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032229
  2. S. Peay, N. Guthrie, J. Spees, E. Nilsson, P. Bradley. The impact of signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) on the recruitment of salmonid fish in a headwater stream in Yorkshire, England. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems, 2010; (394-395): 12 DOI: 10.1051/kmae/2010003

Note: If no author is given, the source is cited instead.

Disclaimer: Views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily or its staff.

Not yet rated. Be the first:

<< Previous Article      Next Article >>


Comment

Name:

buy viagra online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

um8Bqn Great article. Fantastic.

12/23/2012 10:37:57 AM 

http://bestmedicineonline.info said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

8g7Yo5 Im thankful for the blog.Really thank you! Awesome.

2/14/2013 2:20:09 AM 

croatia holidays said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Fantastic article.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/16/2013 9:20:26 AM 

downloads said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Awesome blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

2/16/2013 8:33:04 AM 

dust collector india said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Awesome blog.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool.

2/16/2013 10:08:32 AM 

weight loss pills said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your post.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

2/16/2013 10:27:27 AM 

motion graphics said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the article.

2/16/2013 10:58:49 AM 

plastic surgery doctor said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome article post.Much thanks again. Want more.

2/16/2013 11:47:20 AM 

Nick Hussey said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very good post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

2/16/2013 2:05:47 PM 

profit said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the blog article.Really thank you! Cool.

2/17/2013 8:30:36 AM 

vasopro ephedrine ingredients said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool.

2/17/2013 6:54:13 AM 

German Translators Singapore said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat article.Really thank you! Really Cool.

2/16/2013 4:18:50 PM 

buy Viagra said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Appreciate you sharing, great blog post. Great.

2/17/2013 10:22:47 AM 

logo said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative article post.Much thanks again. Keep writing.

2/16/2013 2:31:54 PM 

Helen Berver said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I loved your blog article.Really thank you! Fantastic.

2/16/2013 12:34:50 PM 

custom logo design said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Enjoyed every bit of your blog.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

2/16/2013 5:30:36 PM 

siri weird said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your post.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

2/17/2013 7:36:06 AM 

telligo said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the blog article. Much obliged.

2/16/2013 2:50:15 PM 

receitas said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome post.Much thanks again. Awesome.

2/17/2013 10:43:41 AM 

First Aid Training Quotes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Hey, thanks for the blog article.Really thank you! Really Cool.

2/17/2013 1:07:16 AM 

pedicures said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really appreciate you sharing this blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/17/2013 9:25:12 AM 

Relief-Schriftbild said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/16/2013 1:21:47 PM 

Advertise Online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative blog post. Cool.

2/17/2013 9:28:35 AM 

simple opportunity said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great article. Really Cool.

2/17/2013 8:05:26 AM 

denver airport transportation said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

2/17/2013 5:45:49 AM 

telligo said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I think this is a real great blog post.Really looking forward to read more.

2/16/2013 3:34:28 PM 

free store online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I truly appreciate this article.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

2/17/2013 11:29:29 AM 

anti aging therapy Calgary said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the post.Really thank you! Cool.

2/17/2013 8:13:12 AM 

corselet said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the article. Much obliged.

2/17/2013 11:59:11 AM 

casinos en ligne said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog post.Much thanks again. Great.

2/17/2013 12:29:03 PM 

pioneer djm2000 said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool.

2/17/2013 2:11:37 PM 

Cheapcaribbean Promo Code said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your blog.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

2/17/2013 2:29:31 PM 

Marcasite Bracelets said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

2/17/2013 1:14:22 PM 

attest bedrijfsbeheer said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks again for the blog.Much thanks again. Cool.

2/17/2013 1:22:14 PM 

washer repair los angeles said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you ever so for you blog article. Will read on...

2/17/2013 2:59:08 PM 

appliance repair santa barbara said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very good blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/17/2013 4:34:53 PM 

Sixt Coupon said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat post.Much thanks again. Cool.

2/17/2013 3:45:53 PM 

snooker tickets said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your blog.Really thank you! Want more.

2/17/2013 7:37:00 PM 

appliance repair san diego said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Much thanks again. Cool.

2/17/2013 6:12:02 PM 

appliance repair beverly hills said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really appreciate you sharing this post.

2/17/2013 3:47:11 PM 

Jasa Pembuatan Website said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I loved your blog post.Thanks Again. Will read on...

2/18/2013 4:15:58 AM 

hedge fund information said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your article. Much obliged.

2/17/2013 5:02:20 PM 

vpn cheap said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the blog.Much thanks again. Will read on...

2/18/2013 5:33:23 AM 

properties in gurgaon said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I loved your blog article.Much thanks again. Want more.

2/18/2013 2:38:13 AM 

vpn pricing said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Appreciate you sharing, great blog post.Thanks Again. Great.

2/18/2013 5:33:25 AM 

all in one printer for mac said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your blog post.Really thank you! Want more.

2/17/2013 6:19:07 PM 

islamisierung in europa said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Hey, thanks for the blog.Much thanks again. Really Great.

2/17/2013 8:55:45 PM 

buy Cialis cheap said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I truly appreciate this blog post.Really thank you! Really Great.

2/17/2013 4:20:46 PM 

washer repair sacramento said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog article. Awesome.

2/17/2013 5:23:34 PM 

Tailored suits london said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very good blog.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/18/2013 6:01:27 AM 

cheap seo said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

This is one awesome blog.Thanks Again. Really Cool.

2/17/2013 7:01:59 PM 

kohls free coupon said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the blog article. Really Cool.

2/17/2013 10:14:12 PM 

best web hosting said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Say, you got a nice blog.Thanks Again. Cool.

2/18/2013 4:02:01 AM 

reliable web hosting said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative article post.Thanks Again. Really Cool.

2/18/2013 4:02:03 AM 

travel said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Fantastic article post. Really Cool.

2/18/2013 5:08:32 AM 

professional website designers said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Appreciate you sharing, great blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

2/18/2013 6:55:47 AM 

generic propecia online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Appreciate you sharing, great blog.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

2/18/2013 6:59:44 AM 

meal replacement shake reviews said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative blog article.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

2/18/2013 7:51:59 AM 

apply for singapore pr said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really liked your post.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

2/18/2013 7:52:21 AM 

chatroulette deutschland said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the post.Really thank you! Will read on...

2/18/2013 10:52:30 AM 

buy soundcloud plays scam said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your blog. Keep writing.

2/18/2013 8:20:03 AM 

followers quotes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the post.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/18/2013 12:30:28 PM 

24option said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks so much for the article post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

2/18/2013 11:06:57 AM 

propane gas burner said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog post. Want more.

2/18/2013 2:08:06 PM 

acne remedies said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the blog. Great.

2/18/2013 3:37:05 PM 

buy real Facebook Fans said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I value the blog article.Thanks Again. Great.

2/18/2013 9:43:26 AM 

Work at home said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I truly appreciate this post.Much thanks again. Great.

2/18/2013 12:52:33 PM 

e darling said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

2/18/2013 9:51:41 AM 

springs manufacturing said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the article post.Really thank you! Great.

2/18/2013 1:01:06 PM 

Direct Commercial Lender said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I loved your blog post.Thanks Again. Cool.

2/18/2013 8:50:26 AM 

search engine marketing said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative blog.Much thanks again. Great.

2/18/2013 2:42:31 PM 

Learn About Go Fun Places Products said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Great, thanks for sharing this article.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

2/18/2013 8:51:37 AM 

Cavity wall insulation said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks-a-mundo for the article post.Really thank you! Much obliged.

2/18/2013 5:30:55 PM 

buy clomid no prescription said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog.Much thanks again. Want more.

2/18/2013 4:09:56 PM 

Bengal Cats said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your article.Thanks Again. Will read on...

2/18/2013 11:51:23 AM 

how to get big penis said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your article post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/18/2013 5:34:34 PM 

how to get big penis said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im obliged for the article. Really Great.

2/18/2013 5:34:34 PM 

upcoming video games said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative blog article.Really looking forward to read more.

2/18/2013 11:54:13 AM 

camera shoulder mount said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A big thank you for your article post.Really thank you! Great.

2/18/2013 4:25:49 PM 

what is the best raspberry ketone to buy said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Hey, thanks for the blog. Cool.

2/18/2013 3:16:17 PM 

huge savings said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks so much for the article. Really Great.

2/18/2013 1:48:01 PM 

Kara Harris Mahon Professor said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

2/18/2013 4:31:43 PM 

Facebook Autoliker said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Say, you got a nice blog post.Really thank you! Great.

2/18/2013 3:16:47 PM 

instagram tags said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I value the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

2/18/2013 1:53:01 PM 

jobs in new york said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog post.Much thanks again. Will read on...

2/18/2013 4:39:59 PM 

financial auditor said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this blog.Really looking forward to read more. Will read on...

2/18/2013 6:03:48 PM 

Arabic Books said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Wow, great article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

2/18/2013 6:29:21 PM 

seo search optimization said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the blog.Thanks Again.

2/19/2013 1:11:57 AM 

Buy Green Coffee Bean Extract said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thankies for the blog article. Great.

2/18/2013 6:43:59 PM 

creative ideas said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the blog post.Thanks Again. Great.

2/18/2013 8:25:06 PM 

chances of getting pregnant said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your blog article. Awesome.

2/18/2013 10:16:25 PM 

last minute all inclusive travel deals said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Muchos Gracias for your blog article.Really thank you! Much obliged.

2/19/2013 4:49:20 AM 

Free Classified said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Appreciate you sharing, great article. Awesome.

2/19/2013 7:53:56 AM 

best deals in las vegas said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your article post.Much thanks again. Want more.

2/19/2013 6:36:39 AM 

ping fresh plugin said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the blog article. Really Cool.

2/19/2013 5:00:55 AM 

kratom said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome blog.Thanks Again.

2/19/2013 9:20:45 AM 

Swedish Translators Malaysia said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

2/19/2013 2:40:40 AM 

kinect games said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really liked your article post. Fantastic.

2/18/2013 8:51:39 PM 

Aluguel de apartamentos em Niteroi said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the blog.Really thank you! Cool.

2/18/2013 7:26:31 PM 

Deepmode said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you ever so for you blog article.Much thanks again. Cool.

2/18/2013 7:28:07 PM 

air duct cleaning said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your blog post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

2/18/2013 11:44:17 PM 

Life said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome article. Keep writing.

2/19/2013 7:07:10 AM 

Crysis 3 Crack Skidrow said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

2/18/2013 9:22:29 PM 

Fine Quality Suits and Ardyss Body Shaper said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you ever so for you post. Want more.

2/19/2013 4:09:23 AM 

buy betnovate cream online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Wow, great blog. Really Great.

2/19/2013 8:35:38 AM 

reference said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Enjoyed every bit of your blog article.

2/19/2013 5:37:47 AM 

buy differin gel said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog article.Thanks Again. Want more.

2/19/2013 10:04:52 AM 

lose wieght naturally said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really enjoy the article.Really thank you! Great.

2/19/2013 5:38:12 AM 

Best botox clinics in Calgary said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat blog article.Really thank you! Awesome.

2/19/2013 4:37:53 PM 

pikalainat said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great article post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

2/19/2013 8:52:38 AM 

online income said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A big thank you for your blog article.Much thanks again. Awesome.

2/19/2013 7:32:46 AM 

buy elimite cream said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat post.Really thank you! Want more.

2/19/2013 1:06:45 PM 

Green coffee bean said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the blog article. Awesome.

2/19/2013 9:00:44 AM 

buy video consoles said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks again for the blog article.

2/19/2013 2:38:46 PM 

real clear politics said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

This is one awesome blog article.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

2/19/2013 5:44:11 PM 

fashion cloth collection said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the blog article.Thanks Again. Really Great.

2/19/2013 3:57:31 PM 

tube script reviews said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I loved your article.Thanks Again. Awesome.

2/19/2013 10:42:03 AM 

weight loss said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative article.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

2/19/2013 10:43:41 AM 

dui defense lawyer said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I value the post.Really thank you! Cool.

2/19/2013 6:52:01 PM 

Driving Lessons Cork said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im obliged for the post.Really thank you!

2/19/2013 1:31:37 PM 

Lyrics Database said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat article.Really thank you! Great.

2/19/2013 2:57:08 PM 

new trent cruiser said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

2/19/2013 5:55:54 PM 

sample beats said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative blog. Fantastic.

2/19/2013 4:11:31 PM 

alpari forex said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your article post.Much thanks again. Want more.

2/19/2013 5:20:04 PM 

affiliate marketing training online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative blog. Want more.

2/19/2013 1:48:24 PM 

New Launch said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I truly appreciate this blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/19/2013 4:18:53 PM 

protein shake reviews said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this article post.Much thanks again. Awesome.

2/19/2013 8:10:31 PM 

223 Magazine said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic post.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

2/19/2013 3:15:26 PM 

earphone tidy said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this blog article.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

2/19/2013 7:08:15 PM 

zquiet reviews said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im obliged for the post. Awesome.

2/19/2013 7:17:12 PM 

INCREASE WEBSITE TRAFFIC said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Appreciate you sharing, great article. Keep writing.

2/19/2013 9:09:50 PM 

locked up abroad chechnya said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the blog post.Much thanks again. Keep writing.

2/19/2013 5:38:34 PM 

sanyo said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I appreciate you sharing this post. Will read on...

2/19/2013 7:52:16 PM 

Bronx Homes For Sale said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your blog article.Really looking forward to read more.

2/20/2013 4:07:06 AM 

Runway Shows said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im obliged for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

2/19/2013 6:36:05 PM 

career coaching said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

2/20/2013 1:06:00 AM 

Chair Massage said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great article.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

2/19/2013 11:07:13 PM 

Factory Lighting said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im obliged for the blog post.Thanks Again. Cool.

2/19/2013 10:09:00 PM 

business logo design said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I think this is a real great post.

2/19/2013 8:50:53 PM 

all pregnancy symptoms said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the blog.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

2/19/2013 10:23:58 PM 

healthy dinner recipes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the post.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

2/19/2013 8:53:27 PM 

fairness said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog. Cool.

2/20/2013 1:32:17 AM 

Fine Quality Suits and Ardyss Body Shaper said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks-a-mundo for the blog post.Really thank you! Fantastic.

2/20/2013 6:56:12 AM 

Plug-In Profit Site said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Hey, thanks for the article post.Really thank you! Cool.

2/20/2013 5:07:04 AM 

Timex Expedition Band said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the blog article. Want more.

2/19/2013 11:57:57 PM 

Affordable webhosting said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks-a-mundo for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more.

2/20/2013 5:19:21 AM 

gatlinburg cabins said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog post.Much thanks again. Keep writing.

2/20/2013 12:07:14 AM 

how to cut weight for a fight said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Awesome blog.Much thanks again. Keep writing.

2/20/2013 2:06:46 AM 

Plantar warts black dots said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Really looking forward to read more.

2/20/2013 8:46:00 AM 

fat burning supplements said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Muchos Gracias for your blog. Much obliged.

2/20/2013 7:32:15 AM 

t-shirts design software said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the article.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/20/2013 9:05:13 AM 

anthony morrison amazon said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your post.Really looking forward to read more.

2/20/2013 7:54:47 AM 

staffing agency texas said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the post.Much thanks again. Great.

2/20/2013 6:09:58 AM 

nutritional diet said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the post.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

2/20/2013 11:37:43 AM 

work from home said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I think this is a real great post. Keep writing.

2/20/2013 9:05:54 AM 

work from home said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the blog article.Thanks Again. Will read on...

2/20/2013 11:38:32 AM 

Go Fun Places said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this article.Thanks Again. Great.

2/20/2013 2:49:52 PM 

Cheaper Car Insurance said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the blog article.Much thanks again. Really Great.

2/20/2013 10:19:13 AM 

milling machine said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your blog article. Awesome.

2/20/2013 8:46:07 PM 

real estate said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I loved your blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

2/20/2013 10:19:35 AM 

Buy Hip Hop Beats online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Enjoyed every bit of your blog article.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

2/20/2013 1:10:12 PM 

massage said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really enjoy the article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

2/20/2013 12:03:21 PM 

top stocks in india said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the post.Really thank you! Really Great.

2/20/2013 5:04:36 PM 

financial freedom said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative blog.Much thanks again. Cool.

2/20/2013 1:11:18 PM 

Marketing said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Fantastic article post.Really thank you! Will read on...

2/20/2013 10:23:39 AM 

tao of badass pdf said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thankies for the article.Really thank you! Want more.

2/20/2013 3:25:20 PM 

work from home said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat blog.Really looking forward to read more. Really Cool.

2/20/2013 5:13:13 PM 

Affiliate Marketing Programs said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Enjoyed every bit of your blog post.Much thanks again. Will read on...

2/20/2013 7:37:09 PM 

friv.com said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Great blog article.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/20/2013 1:44:15 PM 

online profits said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your blog post.Really thank you! Really Cool.

2/20/2013 4:07:33 PM 

Discount Codes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the article post.Really looking forward to read more.

2/20/2013 11:46:05 PM 

Dental Implants said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I truly appreciate this blog.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

2/20/2013 9:57:48 PM 

Vancouver Wedding Photographer said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you ever so for you blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

2/20/2013 10:05:21 PM 

check pagerank said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Hey, thanks for the article post.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

2/20/2013 8:24:14 PM 

Review Of Empower Network said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Enjoyed every bit of your article.Much thanks again. Great.

2/21/2013 12:16:22 AM 

real estate said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you ever so for you blog.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

2/20/2013 6:25:55 PM 

internship africa said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this article post.Thanks Again. Great.

2/21/2013 3:09:19 AM 

buy cheap generic imitrex online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Muchos Gracias for your blog post. Cool.

2/21/2013 9:50:33 AM 

Bay Area Criminal Defense Attorney said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im obliged for the post. Will read on...

2/21/2013 6:46:09 AM 

oil painting sale said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the post.Thanks Again. Cool.

2/20/2013 6:42:58 PM 

Oakland Criminal Defense Attorney said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome article post. Much obliged.

2/21/2013 6:46:15 AM 

massages said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very good blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/21/2013 10:01:43 AM 

weight loss smoothie recipes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the blog post. Awesome.

2/21/2013 1:27:28 AM 

hilarious photos said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I think this is a real great blog article.Much thanks again. Cool.

2/21/2013 7:07:04 AM 

Insanity vs P90x said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your blog article. Want more.

2/22/2013 6:37:04 AM 

ppi claims said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Enjoyed every bit of your article.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

2/21/2013 5:00:27 AM 

Empower Network Review said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your post.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

2/22/2013 9:47:17 AM 

paper shredding san diego said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks again for the article. Really Great.

2/21/2013 5:24:48 PM 

Instrumental Beats said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A big thank you for your post. Keep writing.

2/23/2013 12:37:04 AM 

nutritional vitamins said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your article post. Want more.

2/21/2013 5:41:48 AM 

where to buy raspberry ketone said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thankies for the article.Thanks Again. Really Great.

2/21/2013 11:02:56 PM 

nische finden said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really informative article post. Fantastic.

2/24/2013 4:52:36 AM 

yoga daytona beach said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really enjoy the post.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/21/2013 8:32:32 AM 

AVBOB Funeral Plan said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Great article post.Thanks Again. Will read on...

2/21/2013 8:33:55 AM 

care of the elderly said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Great article post.Really looking forward to read more. Will read on...

2/23/2013 5:01:05 AM 

lose weight said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Fantastic blog post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

2/24/2013 6:24:21 AM 

purchase companies said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the blog.Thanks Again. Want more.

2/22/2013 8:12:37 AM 

weight loss pills said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your blog article. Really Cool.

2/24/2013 10:31:28 PM 

Deals said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome blog post.Thanks Again. Want more.

2/23/2013 5:15:50 AM 

weight loss supplements said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks-a-mundo for the article post. Great.

2/22/2013 1:57:01 PM 

ipad mini stand said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

This is one awesome article post.Really looking forward to read more. Will read on...

2/24/2013 9:28:50 AM 

learn more about comfortisse bra said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your blog post.Really thank you!

2/25/2013 4:58:04 AM 

kidney transplant surgery said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your article post.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

2/24/2013 7:56:04 AM 

digital photography basics said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very good blog post. Cool.

2/25/2013 1:17:15 AM 

cholesterol levels said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Say, you got a nice article post.Much thanks again. Great.

2/25/2013 6:31:42 AM 

phone cases said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I value the blog.Really thank you! Really Cool.

2/25/2013 2:50:20 AM 

rental listing said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the blog article. Great.

2/25/2013 6:52:11 AM 

best way to build a website said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this blog post.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/25/2013 11:14:53 AM 

malaysia ecommerce said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative blog post.Really thank you!

2/25/2013 3:56:14 PM 

car repair santa maria said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great article.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

2/25/2013 3:56:23 PM 

ez eyes glow in the dark keyboard said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks again for the article post. Much obliged.

2/25/2013 8:05:55 AM 

Vacuum Service said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks again for the blog.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

2/25/2013 2:21:15 PM 

internet marketing coach said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I value the blog post. Awesome.

2/25/2013 2:21:42 PM 

real life said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome blog post.Really thank you! Awesome.

2/25/2013 11:35:13 PM 

Buy Facebook Likes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic article.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/25/2013 9:07:43 PM 

hp designjet 500 ink said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your blog article. Fantastic.

2/25/2013 9:39:43 AM 

lodge guest house said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat blog.Much thanks again. Cool.

2/25/2013 12:36:32 PM 

property management in ventura county said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Awesome article post.Thanks Again. Want more.

2/25/2013 5:35:20 PM 

intocmire devize said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Fantastic article. Keep writing.

2/25/2013 12:48:11 PM 

progressive wave music said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Say, you got a nice blog.Really thank you! Want more.

2/25/2013 9:36:39 PM 

covert hypnosis said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your article post.Much thanks again. Great.

2/25/2013 5:42:47 PM 

Best Home Security Systems In Phoenix AZ said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the blog post.Thanks Again. Great.

2/26/2013 3:22:43 AM 

gaming desktop computers said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Wow, great blog.Really thank you! Keep writing.

2/26/2013 1:35:21 AM 

search engine optimization said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I think this is a real great post.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

2/26/2013 5:32:11 AM 

Easy Money with Profitable Sunrise Review With Arnold Donato said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome blog post. Great.

2/26/2013 7:53:00 AM 

Alpha s3 Key said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Will read on...

2/26/2013 3:32:38 AM 

lettings agents london said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat article. Cool.

2/25/2013 7:20:53 PM 

paleo recipes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Looking forward to reading more. Great post.Thanks Again. Will read on...

2/26/2013 11:07:53 AM 

joker logo plugs said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thankies for the blog article.Much thanks again. Keep writing.

2/25/2013 7:39:39 PM 

the paleo diet said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I think this is a real great blog.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

2/26/2013 12:45:43 PM 

share your interest said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Major thanks for the post.Thanks Again. Cool.

2/25/2013 10:53:18 PM 

rap hip hop said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the blog article.Really thank you! Really Cool.

2/26/2013 7:03:02 AM 

xxx said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Great post. Fantastic.

2/26/2013 9:19:34 AM 

cure for headache said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

This is one awesome post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

2/26/2013 5:13:56 AM 

paleo recipes said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

wow, awesome article.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

2/26/2013 9:30:55 AM 

shares in a race horse said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the article post.Thanks Again. Want more.

2/26/2013 7:29:22 AM 

Media streamer said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks again for the blog post. Really Great.

2/26/2013 2:25:38 PM 

chad haber native american said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the blog.Thanks Again. Awesome.

2/26/2013 7:07:12 PM 

positive thinking said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

2/26/2013 4:00:15 PM 

find good e cigarette said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

A round of applause for your article post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

2/26/2013 5:32:20 PM 

Empower Network Review said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Awesome article post.Thanks Again. Great.

2/26/2013 8:42:42 PM 

supplements said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you ever so for you blog.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

2/27/2013 6:34:05 AM 

back care exercise said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I value the blog.Thanks Again. Awesome.

2/27/2013 9:46:52 AM 

e cigar said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks again for the blog.Thanks Again. Want more.

2/27/2013 4:58:03 AM 

working from your home said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I loved your blog.Really thank you! Awesome.

2/27/2013 5:51:55 PM 

flipping book software said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Fantastic blog.Much thanks again.

2/27/2013 3:22:20 AM 

forex trading said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

2/27/2013 8:10:23 AM 

backlinks building said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog.Really thank you! Awesome.

2/27/2013 2:37:16 PM 

reviews said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

This is one awesome post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

2/27/2013 12:59:36 PM 

Horlicks malted milk tablets said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really like and appreciate your post. Cool.

2/27/2013 11:22:28 AM 

love calculator email said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative post.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

2/27/2013 9:08:12 PM 

hoteles en disney world said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the blog.Thanks Again. Want more.

2/28/2013 12:24:06 AM 

flipping book said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I am so grateful for your article.Thanks Again. Great.

2/27/2013 7:29:58 PM 

unlimited cpanel hosting said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I really enjoy the blog.Really thank you!

2/27/2013 4:15:06 PM 

submitareview.com said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.

3/1/2013 2:26:25 AM 

ocean images said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very neat post.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

2/27/2013 10:45:59 PM 

diseno web said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative article post.Thanks Again. Great.

2/28/2013 2:02:48 AM 

Cheap Desktop said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the blog post. Cool.

2/28/2013 10:22:04 AM 

Miami diet centers said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I truly appreciate this blog article. Awesome.

2/28/2013 3:44:23 PM 

Online backup services said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

2/28/2013 3:41:33 AM 

Marmaris said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the blog.Really thank you! Really Great.

2/28/2013 11:10:21 PM 

Cytotec cheap mexican said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I appreciate you sharing this article post. Will read on...

3/4/2013 5:20:59 PM 

ebay bidding buy Viagra said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

3/5/2013 12:47:44 AM 

Kingston Driving School said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog post.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

3/5/2013 1:01:55 PM 

wa freight said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the blog article.Much thanks again. Great.

2/19/2013 10:54:36 AM 

buy clindamycin gel online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Hey, thanks for the blog.Really looking forward to read more.

2/19/2013 11:35:00 AM 

affordable levitra said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

This is one awesome article post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

3/6/2013 8:12:45 PM 

gold metal detector said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your blog post. Want more.

2/19/2013 12:08:41 PM 

locksmith in jerusalem said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im thankful for the blog article.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

2/19/2013 12:23:13 PM 

Brehmandur2 said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Wonderfull post! Thank you! Will read again and again.

3/7/2013 11:23:03 AM 

blood pressure medicine norvasc said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the blog article.Much thanks again. Will read on...

3/7/2013 11:27:16 PM 

order zoloft online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Great post.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

3/8/2013 10:08:58 AM 

buy premarin online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Enjoyed every bit of your blog.Really thank you! Want more.

3/9/2013 5:22:08 AM 

buy viagra said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this blog article.Really thank you! Cool.

3/11/2013 5:48:09 PM 

buy viagra pills said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

3/11/2013 5:48:19 PM 

buy levitra online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Very informative blog post. Great.

3/12/2013 3:42:58 AM 

viagra online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thanks a lot for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

3/13/2013 6:04:09 AM 

buy viagra online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Great article post.Much thanks again. Want more.

3/13/2013 6:04:12 AM 

buy viagra without prescription said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

I cannot thank you enough for the blog article.Much thanks again. Keep writing.

3/13/2013 5:31:55 AM 

buy imitrex online said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Muchos Gracias for your article.Really thank you! Awesome.

3/13/2013 5:32:09 AM 

buy viagra said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Thank you for your article.Really looking forward to read more.

3/13/2013 5:32:12 AM 

generic viagra said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Im grateful for the article post.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.

3/15/2013 1:49:11 AM 

Buy Levitra online uk said... Rating: 0   Vote +   Vote -  

Really enjoyed this article post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

3/15/2013 7:51:09 PM